Progress Report – New 15mm Hadrian’s Wall range Wall Sections

Jul 2nd, 2010 | By | Category: Rome, Workbench

Bridging gate across the Vallum ditchDesign Summary (Frontier Zone – North to South)

After most of the forts had been added, the Vallum was built on the southern side, comprising an elevated, paved road with deep and steep V-shaped ditches either side.  At intervals, north-south roads crossed the Vallum, and at these crossing points, stone gateways were built.

That the Vallum gateways did not extend to a secondary wall further evidences that the whole barrier was a trade-restricting and Customs frontier – carts and wagons could not cross the Vallum except at the gateways.  The wall was thus part of a movement control system which, sectionally from north to south included:

  • A row of forts built 5 to 10 miles north of Hadrian’s Wall, used for scouting and intelligence (e.g. Bewcastle Roman Fort)
  • A glacis and a deep ditch
  • A berm with rows of pits holding entanglements
  • The curtain wall (Hadrian’s Wall)
  • A later military road (today referred to locally as The Military Way)
  • The Vallum.

Design Summary (Wall Sections)

There were three (or four) cross-sectional specifications to the actual curtain wall structure, varying by each period of the construction –

  • The Limestone Broad Wall (original plan) = 3 metres wide base and top, total height 5 to 6 metres.
  • The Limestone Narrow Wall (construction hastening plan) = 3 metre wide base-width but 2.4 / 2.5 metre wide rising-width (1.8 metres in some sections), there are some surviving sections to 3 metres high, with the presumed maxima also also 5 to 6 metres.
  • The Turf Wall (western end, early phase) = 6 metres wide base, 3 metres high (presumably excluding palisade)
  • The Sandstone Wall (western end, later phase replacement) = unknown dimensions, sandstone being easier to work than limestone implies building to original width (3 metres) but inward transportation may have caused retention of the later, thinner wall, dimensions ordered to hasten construction.

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